The Beginner’s Guide to Asset Classes and Investing

guide to asset classes and investing
Nov 27, 2023 Reading time : 5 min

Investing is a technique that can only be mastered over time with regular practice. The finance market and investment tools are ever-evolving, but if you know the basic principles, you can always think one step ahead. 

There are many platforms, like Immediate Sprint Software that offer courses and services that make investing easier for beginners. 

In this blog, we will discuss all the asset classes you can invest your money in and how to get started with your investment journey. 


What are the Different Asset Classes 

Here are the major asset classes to put your money in to gain rewards:


This is the most common form of investment that everyone believes in, plus the safest instrument that can always be used in tough times. One can put their cash in their savings and current accounts and reap interest every year on the saved amount. 

The only downside is that cash saved in your bank account does not have the power to beat inflation. So instead of leaving the cash alone, you can make Fixed Deposits or Certificates of Deposits that provide higher interest than savings accounts but are less liquid.


Bonds are debt instruments where investors lend money to the borrowers. The government, big enterprises, and banks issue authorized bonds. It provides better returns than Certificates of Deposits and is locked in for a set period. These bonds pay out monthly, yearly, quarterly, or you can get a cumulative amount. 

Mutual Funds 

You can consider it a basket of shares of different companies. These are mainly equity, debt, and hybrid. MFs are professionally managed by experts. These cover companies in all industries, and the profits and losses depend on market status. However, it is proven that investors have gained a decent profit by investing for a longer period. 


Stocks are a portion of company shares that you can own and reap profits from in the long run. All you need is a Demat account to buy the stocks. The prices of buying and selling are directly impacted by market performance and the company’s overall status. New investors can look out for blue chip companies to begin investing. 

Real Estate 

Well, if you have a good amount of money, you can purchase a commercial or residential property, but if you do not, you can invest in REITs. These are similar to mutual funds, where a large pool of investors invest their money and own a share of property owned and managed by the fund manager. REITs are also listed on the stock exchange, and their profits and losses are impacted by market conditions. Moreover, it is more liquid than a physical property. 


You can invest in commodities like gold, silver, or agricultural products. The investors say the commodities work well when the market goes down. They also protect against difficult times of crisis. You can buy jewelry, bricks, or coins. One can also invest in Sovereign Gold Bonds instead of purchasing physical gold. 

There are many other asset classes as well, such as hedge funds, which can only be accessed by wealthy investors, private equity funds, and exchange-traded funds. 

Please note that you must understand each type of asset properly before investing to avoid any disturbing situations. Make investing a habit and live by what Paul Clitoroe said – 

“I don’t think investment is that hard. It’s doing the simple things on a regular basis.”

How to Get Started with Investing?

Here is a breakdown of how you can start your investment journey easily:

Understand Your Risk Tolerance 

Every person has a different risk appetite. Some want to risk it to gain high rewards, whereas some prefer to have security over high returns. So, the first thing you need to do is know how much you are willing to risk and what portions of your wealth you want to put in a low-risk instrument. 

Determine Your Goal of Investment 

Your goal can be saving money to purchase your dream house, or car, go abroad, or anything else. These goals are constantly changing; just make sure to review them periodically. 

Open an Investment Account 

You need to open a demat account to invest your money in the market. It can be opened easily by filling in your details, occupational details, and document verifications. 

Determine Your Investing Style 

Many people want to invest for a long period, while others prefer to make gains quickly. Will you be an active investor or a passive one? You need to determine all of this to make your investing journey smooth. 

Learn About Assets and Diversify 

It is said, “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket. ” It is important to learn about different asset classes, their returns, and risks so that you can diversify your portfolio and reduce risks.

So you can follow these steps to start your investing journey today!

James Wilson
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James Wilson